At DrupalCon Austin (2014) the need for a new core base theme came up. This need was part of what has been referred to as the Consensus Banana.
Where did the banana come from? 2 years before DrupalCon Austin, at BadCamp, John Albin (JohnAlbin) was holding a plastic sword from the pirate fest the day before. It was known as the sword of consensus. Morten (mortendk) had a banana during the conference that he was using to point to people and ask “so can we agree on X?”. That is how it became the banana of consensus. It was basically a pointing stick. Scott Reeves
The meta issue
Here's a brief overview of the meta issue:
Create a new core theme (code name "classy") that contains a copy of the all current core template files; this is for the "sensible 2/3" camp. And then modify all of the core/modules template files to contain minimal classes (only those needed for functionality); this would be for the "clean 1/3" camp. To ensure that Seven and Bartik continue to function properly, they should use "classy" as their base theme.
Technically it comes down to this: the classes from core have been moved into the classy base theme. This was done in two phases. During the first phase the classes have been moved out of preprocess functions and moved into core template files. In the second phase the core template files with classes have been moved into Classy meaning all of the classes have been removed from core templates. You could now say that all the template files in core are now 'classless' (=no more
class="whatever" in core).
Themers no longer require a base theme like mothership to keelhaul the div! A survey showed that not all themers want the same markup, and that they don't need all the wrapper
Classy, a new base theme
At DrupalCon Amsterdam, the classy.info.yml got commited into Drupal 8 core by Dries. The change record can be found here.
This means Classy is the new
base theme in Drupal core where Bartik and Seven are both extending from.
Classy can be relied on to maintain backwards compatibility throughout the Drupal 8 cycle.
- Modules Unraveled, episode 119: The Classy Base Theme for Drupal 8 with Scott Reeves and David Hernandez.
- The official change record: Added a new base theme to core called Classy